Forum Second Life | Semantic assumptions of pairs of values and questions for discussion.
1_A | LAW FOR ARCHITECTURE
The normative definition of an ethical assumption is the task of the legislator. The Law for Architecture, not the Law of Architecture, concerns an operative action that constrains ethical practices, competences, roles and specific abilities within the individual territories or Local Authorities to that presupposition.
Can we clearly point out the ethical assumption both where there is a specific law in Europe, and where it does not exist at all or where only persuasive policies exist? In Italy, for example, it can be assumed that that ethical “duty” is defined by Articles 9 and 41 of the Italian Constitution and that therefore Local Authorities must identify a process of local legislation, as in the case of the Law of Catalonia of 2019 ?
The CIAM, in relation to the Law, claims to observe and propose operational acts that do not act as simple exceptions or extraordinary events, concerted between Local Authorities, investors and operators, but as a direct connection between social purpose and executive instrument: consider, as an example , the dimensional constraint, in Italy, dictated by quality standards, such as parking, which often subordinates aims and new technologies to the mere economic aspect.
Architecture is a system and should be addressed as such. It consists of different elements mutually interconnected and interacting with each other and with the external environment, reacts and evolves as a science and an art, and is the result of ethical values and an anthropological study of society.
Can the Architect be identified as the person who carries out an indispensable coordination action within a group of other professions, who intervene in any urban, social and civil relationship between people?
Should the law indicate who should intervene in the processes, outlining the formal, informal and non-formal competences necessary to obtain the results?
Should the Law on Architecture require the promotion of correct criteria for transforming the territory, which do not only respond to the need for functionality and profitability?
1_B | SCHOOL AND SOCIETY
CIAM promotes a profound cultural incentive campaign, of understanding the landscape, which involves the entire social fabric. A work of “education” that starts from educational systems, intended as a platform for a widespread diffusion in social structures: a formidable reservoir of intellectual resources. This operation involves universities, public administrations, schools of all levels.
Concepts such as “accessibility”, “proximity”, “reachability”, fundamental to understanding relations and territorial efficiency, have been radically questioned. Do they demand a correct redefinition for an effective understanding of space?
CIAM aims to “standardize” and standardize “building analysis procedures, assuming operational and ongoing solutions, identifying in the IPE Protocol (Supply Ethics Performance Index and Results) one of the decisive factors of its program. The idea of identifying the reciprocity indices, or the values able to describe the territory and the related transformation processes, is pursued through the presence and the dynamic action of the buildings and the activities connected to them.
2_A | SOCIAL HOUSING
The definition has now entered the common language. Do you need further details on its ethical value?
Is Social Housing to be considered as an alternative to the competitive society tout court?
Does the present force us to consider cities as new states? So is it necessary to decide if you want to pursue a competitive or collaborative city? In the first case a centralized city is expected, in terms of function and dynamics; in the second, proximity collaborations (neighborhoods and communities) are pursued by hybridizing with those who are immediately willing to share their places.
This is a time of autarchy that has given us a tribal society in many territories. Can the competition and the single winner be fought with collaboration and hybridization to generate a mixed-race society where everyone can be a winner?
2_B | CITY AND ENERGY
The territories cannot be managed “on time”, connected to a single mandate of a government or an Administration. The strategy must be transversal and impermeable to political changes, aiming to build a path in stages from today until at least 2030 where the concept that the best economic opportunity is to invest in public open spaces and built spaces that constitute the essence of our living.
This action no longer represents, as in the past, only an expense, but it is the investment necessary to make each city more efficient in terms of energy, mobility and infrastructure.
A priority issue is to understand time management:
– what energy for the city?
– how and when to apply a renewed urban strategy?
– where and who should apply it in the territories?
If, for reasons of private convenience, one does not want to pursue a cumulative path, which concerns, in other words, more connected territories, but local solutions are faced in which some territories, defined as attractive cities, compete with others to be more efficient, such as this action, in pursuing its efficiency, will it be able to avoid dismantling neighboring areas to prevent the peripheralization of many sectors of society?
3_A | CIRCULARITY OF MATERIALS
The regulatory revisions on the Circularity of Materials, in order to simplify their implementation and improve their coherence, provide for economic instruments defined as incentives for the adoption of circular production and consumption models.
Communication and awareness-raising, to inform on new consumption models, opportunities and benefits linked to the circular economy, favoring collaboration between all actors – Public Administrations, companies, scientific and technological research institutes – is only a part of reasoning.
CIAM wants to identify those ideas that favor innovation and technology transfer in industrial sectors also through the training of managers and technicians with specific and transversal skills, through operational protocols with Universities and Higher Research Institutes.
3_B | REUSE
The existing building heritage, very heterogeneous in terms of quality of the artefacts, technological characteristics, state of conservation and compliance with the regulations, represents an extraordinary resource (a potential and not a cost) within a perspective of containment of soil consumption. provided that management criteria and strategies are established to direct the necessary transformations towards quality objectives and long-term sustainability.
One of the objectives is to create the conditions for updating and bringing it into line in a perspective of urban regeneration, of the recovery of the existing, of construction on the built environment. This approach makes it possible to renew on the basis of new international requests, through the activation of highly innovative design strategies and participatory processes.
The necessary assumption to pursue the objective is to map and catalog, to establish the operational criteria on the basis of which to guide the design choices and the transformation proposals: is it possible not to exclude, therefore, the demolition?
Within this working hypothesis, the ascertainment of the “weight”, both in quantitative and in social terms, of building artefacts applies as an analysis rule. Another factor can be certified, defined as the transformability value, referring to the building adjustment and the type of service.
Can we assume that the starting value is always of a social nature, since the building is intended as an urban place?
4_A | BORDER
Architecture is part, by law, of the fundamental disciplines of man. It is weakened and exalted by a series of nouns that try to describe it. Definitions of words to describe the world are not enough, but the way we usually compare them with others, the ability to associate them with others. This “skill” consists of a system of values that modifies, increases or transforms the meaning of what we say.
Our words build our world, investing that of others.
What words, then, are typical of Architecture?
What words does Architecture need to predict?
Which, instead, must eliminate from your vocabulary?
How, finally, do the words identified come to life, every day, in relationships between people?
The Border is the most complex contemporary semantic system; it defines a conventional administrative limit, an agreement between people, but it varies continuously if compared within an archipelago composed of different elements: social rites, geographical relationships, historical contexts. The city itself is a diversity with variable boundaries. The city is a symbol made up of men and connections; so also man is a border, in some way a “term”. Man is an isometry that carries the whole city. The city moves in man. The city moves with man. The universe itself is a complex and mutable multiverse in continuous motion. Or we belong to the slag that is still in orbit or to the dynamic entities that produce energy.
In 1948 Calamandrei laid the foundations, in Italy, for the democratic development of the new world through the intellectual and regulatory coordination of the urban connection project. Altiero Spinelli re-proposed the logical ones in 1957, as the first episode of the European constituent which gave back the sense of belonging through the project of “diffused state” and the sharing of borders. Can we imagine the border as in nature, where the greatest quantity of biodiversity is expressed?
4_B | URBAN ECOSYSTEMS AND MOBILITY
Can the city of the future be defined as a way of life which, on the basis of ecological principles and strategies, allows us to maintain human settlements by taking inspiration or copying natural ecosystems, able to maintain themselves autonomously and to renew themselves with a very low use of energy?
The persuasive activity of an urban ecosystem is based on collaboration and on the effectiveness of the dynamics of the movements of those who live there as well as those who attend it temporarily. In a note by Claude Levi-Strauss we read that “in the network of social relations, nodes have a logical priority on the lines”. The nodes are fundamental elements of mobility that completely change the concept of city and urbanity.
For years the theme of what is meant by urban ecosystem and what services are part of it has been widely addressed. CIAM 2019 intends to identify and compare ideas that show the interactions between mobility processes, private, interactive and collaborative, and interventions of dynamic adaptation of urban systems.